And it can be paraphrased?
This handy guide includes information on business culture, hierarchy, negotiations and etiquette in Luxembourg. In traditional Luxembourgian business culture, hierarchies are distinct, strict and comparatively steep. They reflect the influence the Christian religion — Roman Catholicism to be more precise — has had on social values and protocol. Staff with a high level of seniority are generally well respected. Despite the conventionally centred structures within companies and organisations, however, a management approach of increased participation of staff and subordinates has become more popular throughout the recent decades. Luxembourgers are perceived as rational and pragmatic. With charm and courtesy being every day means of communication assertiveness and strong criticism are not appreciated.
The manufacture of chemicals, rubber, and plastic products has increased. Because of its large number of financial services, Luxembourg has a strongly positive international trade balance.
Other European Union countries—primarily the three neighboring countries of Belgium, France, and Germany—account for 61 percent of exports and 74 percent of imports. Division of Labor.
One-half of the workers are foreign, about equally divided among immigrants living in the country and commuters from Belgium, France, and Germany. Immigrants hold a large percentage of jobs in construction and minimally skilled services, whereas commuters work in financial services and international institutions.
Classes and Castes. The most fundamental social division is between native Luxembourgers and foreign-born residents. Portuguese immigrants are likely to hold lower-status jobs such as street cleaning, bus driving, and restaurant waiting.
Symbols of Social Stratification. The major symbol of social class difference is the language spoken and understood at home. Native Luxembourgers address each other and their families in Luxembourgish but switch to French, German, or English to talk with foreigners. Luxembourg is a representative democracy within a constitutional hereditary monarchy. The grand duke or duchess, the ceremonial head of state, appoints the prime minister, who is responsible to a sixty-member Chamber of Deputies that is popularly elected every five years.
Leadership and Political Officials. The government is nearly always a coalition of the conservative PCS and one of the two more progressive parties. Former ministers and business, labor, and other civic leaders are appointed to these councils, which are consulted before legislation is enacted affecting their areas of national life. Social Problems and Control. The legal system is strongly influenced by French practice. Judges are appointed for life by the grand duke.
The crime rate is extremely low, and civil disorders are unknown. Military Activity. It spends 0.
About one-third of GDP is spent on social welfare programs; this is one of the world's most generous systems. About half that spending is on pensions, one-fourth on health insurance, and one-fourth on disability payments. With only five thousand unemployed people, spending for unemployment compensation is low.
Division of Labor by Gender. In principle, women have full political and economic equality. The percentage of women active in the labor force has increased rapidly, but the country has a lower female labor force participation rate than do other Two men harvest potatoes on a farm. Luxembourgers place a high value on owning property and protecting property rights. Few women are compelled by economic necessity to seek employment, and housework is counted as employment in determining social security and other benefits.
Because of the very low birthrate, women citizens are torn between child rearing and working outside the home. The main impetus for the growth in female labor force participation is a desire for more independence and equality and less social isolation. The Relative Status of Women and Men. Older women wield considerable informal authority, in part because they constitute a high percentage of the population: About 12 percent of native-born Luxembourgers are women over age Older women have a large percentage of the national wealth and provide their middle-aged children with considerable financial support, such as assistance in buying a house.
In the afternoon, the streets are filled with older women heading for the bakeries to consume coffee and pastry with friends. Marriage rates have dropped sharply in recent years. One-third of couples who live together are unmarried, one-seventh of the children are born to unmarried mothers, and one-third of marriages end in divorce. All these practices were rare a generation ago.
Domestic Unit. Although the older generation controls much of the family wealth, three-generation households have become much less common than they were in the past. Older women who cannot live independently are more likely to move into expensive, comfortable retirement homes than to move in with one of their children. Inheritance laws do not induce early divesting of an estate to heirs, and so older people hold on to their wealth until they die.
Because Luxembourg has had a very low birthrate for a long time, an inheritance is typically divided among a small number of children, but with high life expectancy, most middle-aged and even retired people have living parents.
Infant Care. Among the native-born, the birth of a baby is a relatively rare event at about three thousand per year, several hundred less than the number of deaths.
Most customs and practices in Luxembourg have their roots in the . liest documented mentions date back to the year in the past, a. Streimannchen was. Valentine's day is tomorrow and maybe you want to take this opportunity to ask your secret crush out on a date. Trouble is, secret crush is. It can be quite awkward when you greet a woman in Luxembourg and you to take your guests' customs and expectations into consideration.
An extensive publicly supported network of day care centers is available for the 50 percent of Harvesters pick wine grapes in a vineyard in Wellenstein. Nearly half the babies are born to foreigners, and they are entitled to the same maternity and day care as the native-born population.
Culture and social etiquette in Luxembourg
Child Rearing and Education. People are taught to be prudent, careful, responsible, and practical. Creativity and expressiveness are not emphasized. An infant is not a constant center of attention, and parents are not obsessed with twenty-four-hour catering to a child's whims.
Regular mealtimes and other activities are not disrupted by the arrival of a child. Higher Education. There is no university. Because French is the principal language of instruction in secondary school, Luxembourgers are more likely to attend a university in France or Belgium than in Germany. Luxembourgers regard their cultural values as deriving primarily from their French rather than their German neighbors.Russian girl looking male for dating in Luxembourg
However, they do not admire the spontaneity of Latin culture. Punctuality is expected at meetings, social activities, and cultural events. Religious Beliefs. About 97 percent of the people are Roman Catholics. Native-born Luxembourgers are overwhelmingly Roman Catholic, as are most immigrants from Italy and Portugal. Like other European countries, Luxembourg has a free and universal national health insurance system.
Luxembourg celebrates National Day on 23 June as the sovereign's official birthday. The night before 22 June is festive, with torchlight parades, fireworks, music, and parties. National Day is more ceremonial, including military parades, cannonades, and a "Te Deum" sung in the national cathedral. Support for the Arts. The major supporter of the arts is the Grand Ducal Institute, which promotes work in languages and folklore, arts and literature, history, natural science, medicine, and moral and political sciences.
Luxembourg lacks a distinctive literary tradition because of the absence of spelling and grammatical rules and the limited vocabulary and grammar constructions of Luxembourgish.
Dating customs in luxembourg
Thus, writers are more likely to work in genres, such as poetry and plays, that are meant to be spoken rather than read silently.
The major writers, including the essayist Marcel Noppeney — and the poet Michel Rodange —have invariably used French or German. French books and publications are widely read, and Luxembourg's periodicals, literary reviews, and magazines aimed at intellectuals are almost always written in French.
Luxembourgers writing in French are better able to compose essays and scientific tracts than to write novels.
Because Luxembourgish is essentially a German dialect, writers in German are able to weave in local phrases and sentiments that are meaningful in Luxembourgish, although "pure" German would discourage such colloquialisms.
However, the discomfort of Luxembourgers with the German language discourages its widespread use. Graphic Arts. Luxembourg lacks internationally prominent graphic artists, and its principal museums—the National Museum of History and Art and the Museum of History of the City of Luxembourg—emphasize history and artifacts rather than graphic arts. Performance Arts. Luxembourg has had a degree of influence in modern communications media. Radiotelevision Luxembourg RTLa privately owned company, transmits radio programs in five languages and television programs in French and German.
RTL first developed a large audience in the s, when it was the only major station in Europe that played pop music. Luxembourg Historical, Geographical and Economic Profile Barteau, Harry C. Historical dictionary of Luxembourg Christophory, Jul. Who's Afraid of Luxembourgish? Qui a peur du Luxembourgeois? Glaesener, Jean-Pierre. Le Grand-Duchy de Luxembourg, historique et pittoresque Maertz, Joseph. Newcomer, James. Newton, Gerald, ed. Toggle navigation.
Culture Name Luxembourger. Orientation Identification.
above all family. Here is a guide to etiquette and culture in Luxembourg. . Dating is also casual, with nothing too impressively fancy. It is not. The culture of Luxembourg refers to the cultural life and traditions of Luxembourg. Most citizens . sparkling wines are produced in Luxembourg, on the north bank of the Moselle, which has a winemaking history dating back to the Romans. Things to Do · Children's Celebrations · Directory · Love Letters · Store · Home Discover Luxembourg Customs & Traditions. Category: Customs & Traditions.
History and Ethnic Relations Emergence of the Nation. Urbanism, Architecture, and the Use of Space The dominant public space is the medieval fortress built on Bock promontory.
Food and Economy Food in Daily Life. Social Stratification Classes and Castes.
Political Life Government. Social Welfare and Change Programs About one-third of GDP is spent on social welfare programs; this is one of the world's most generous systems. Marriage, Family, and Kinship Marriage.
Socialization Infant Care. Etiquette Luxembourgers regard their cultural values as deriving primarily from their French rather than their German neighbors.
Religion Religious Beliefs. Medicine and Health Care Like other European countries, Luxembourg has a free and universal national health insurance system. The Arts and Humanities Support for the Arts. Bibliography Als, Georges. A Brief Survey of the City of Luxembourg Luxembourg Clark, Peter. Margue, P. Also read article about Luxembourg from Wikipedia. User Contributions: 1. I don't know if it could have got any better!!!!!
This was a great website and it helped me a lot on a school project. It had everythine we needed to find. Thanks a bunch! Thanks, lots of good info for my World Geography class, hard to find info on Luxembourg. Darren Shavor. Trying to learn more about family and I have gotten as far as "Henry Theno" born February in Luxembourg. I can't find anything beyond that, any suggestions? Thanks, -ds. This site was very helpful and I enjoyed the pictures.
Especially the ones of the men working.
I thought those were very tasteful. Luxembourg does have University since !
Write them an email etc. It's nice to be able to find a comprehensive page of information about Luxembourg, but please update it! The information about secondary school and university is just downright wrong- there is indeed a university, and secondary school is not necessarily taught in French. There are 3 tiers of secondary school- one university prep, one college prep, and one technical school. Mathematics and natural sciences are mostly taught in German, while arts and humanities or social science courses are mostly taught in French.
Technical courses are also often taught in German. Additionally, I would have to disagree with a division of social classes strictly between natives and non-natives. Although it is true that there is a division between natives and non-natives, these categories are far too broad.
There is a large gap between blue-collar immigrant workers street cleaners, bus drivers, table waiters, house cleaners, etc. Similarly, Natives are divided into the more cosmopolitan and the "bauers" old Luxembourgish farming families.
Furthermore, I would like to stress that although French, Luxembourgish, and German are compulsory at school, that does not necessarily mean that they are mastered. Young adults or adolescents tend to be better at languages, but older Luxembourgish people who have not studied extensively struggle with French and seldom speak English.
The beau presents his lover with a meticulously carved wooden spoon as a gesture that he will always feed and provide for her. If the affections are not mutual, the spoon is returned awkwardbut if the spooning is successful, the sweetheart must wear it around her neck for a number of days.
Welsh love spoons. As the date harvest comes to an end in Ghadames, Libyalocals flock to the World Heritage—listed old quarter to relish in their fruitful harvest.
As the festivities progress, expect to see many wedding ceremonies held as a coming-of-age celebration for young men. Notorious for binge drinking, dangerous stunts and casual sex, these parties are under pressure from insurance companies to close down.
But beneath the dust and debauchery, the Balls are loaded with that quintessential Aussie joie de vivre and are seen as a rite of passage for kids in the Outback who often lead quite secluded lives. Known for their ebullient spirit, Greek weddings are definitely on our radar. Believe it or not, this custom is actually considered an honour for the guests. A key feature in Arabic and African communities is the Swahili women's custom to adorn themselves with intricate henna patterns before a wedding.
A Swahili woman painting hands with henna. Divorce is a fairly common occurrence these days — still, it should be the furthest thing from your mind on your wedding day, right? Apparently not in the Ukrainewhere extremely traditional couples take revenge on their matchmaker in anticipation of a potential messy divorce in the future. India is a country where marriage is revered, so advertising prospective suitors and singles in local papers and online is commonplace, but a new Hindi-language channel is taking it one step further.
Shagun TV channel features a glitzy show which is basically teleshopping for singles. You can forget trying to lose those last few pounds before your big day — in Mauritaniabigger is better.
A larger wife signifies wealth that a man can provide in excess for his family. The tribesmen paint their bodies and don colourful feathered costumes in an attempt to impress potential lovers. The sing-sings are a kind of spiritual mimesis — the tribesmen take on the form and mating rituals of the male birds-of-paradise in a kaleidoscopic show of affection. Mt Hagen sing-sings, Papua New Guinea.
We scoured our travel guides and picked our writers' brains to uncover some of the world's most fascinating dating, love and marriage customs. Orientation. Identification. The name of the nation derives from Lucilinburhuc, which in the local Germanic dialect meant "Little Fortress," referring to a small. Before you jump into dating in Luxembourg, here's what you need to know about the important quirks and customs in the Grand Duchy and popular Luxembourg.
Some unlucky girls in India are born during the astrological period when Mars and Saturn are both under the seventh house. Basically, it means they are cursed. Those unfortunate few, known as Mangliks, are said to bring an early death to their husband. The only remedy, it would seem, is to have the Manglik marry a tree and then have the tree cut down to break the curse.
In a weird, wonderful, yet utterly gross fashion, French newlyweds were made to drink the leftovers from their wedding party out of a toilet bowl.
How romantic. Gretna Green, Scotland. Born in the time of slavery, when the wedding vows and ceremonies of African Americans were not recognised, this humble tradition pays homage to a rich and important African American heritage.
Not to be taken too seriously, the idea is that the man who brings you water in your dream is your future beau. Researched and compiled by Louise Bastock. All Feature Articles Asia Thirty-five unbelievable love and marriage…. Featured Article. Lonely Planet. Thirty-five unbelievable love and marriage customs of the world. Love is universal, yes — but romance takes an astonishing array of forms around the world.
2 thoughts on “Culture of Luxembourg - Wikipedia”
Bravo, the ideal answer.